- Cognitive neuroscience
- Computational neuroscience
- Neuroinformatics database and analysis tools
- Brain signal measurements and functional brain mapping
- Neural modeling and simulators
- Neural network architecture and learning algorithms
- Data representations in neural systems
- Information theory for neural systems
- Software implementations of neural networks
- Neuromorphic hardware implementations
- Biologically-motivated speech signal processing
- Biologically-motivated image processing
- Human-like inference systems and intelligent agents
- Human-like behavior and intelligent systems
- Artificial life
- Other applications of neural information processing mechanisms